The most interesting things about horses (Part 1)

Horses have been associated with human life for thousands of years. This “mighty” animal has many interesting things that not all of us know today.

1. Horses have “remember long, tough” brains

According to a 2010 study, horses have the same intelligence as elephants, especially its memory is much better than what people previously anticipated. If you treat your horse well, the horse will remember you like a soulmate in life. But beware, when you accidentally or wrongly treat a horse, he/she will never forget.

2. The Arabian horse runs best

Arabian horses are considered one of the oldest horses on the planet, appearing at least 4,500 years ago. This breed has a strange point with larger ribs than other horses.

Although less lumbar and caudal vertebrae, the Arabian horse has the best health and endurance in the kingdom of animals. It is capable of running at once more than 160 km without a break.

3. Name of the horse follows the rules

According to the review of foreign researchers, horse names often end with tails like “Seabiscui”, “Horlick” or “Ohnoitsmymotherinlaw”. This is no coincidence. Many owners want to place a strong name “Man O’War” because they believe this horse will give them luck in the races.

Meanwhile many people named horses must respect the name in the genealogy of this horse because they think that, if not, the horse can bring unhappiness. Even some horse racing clubs limit the name for horses to 18 characters long, prohibiting naming is obscene, racist or overly aggressive.

4. “Great” effect of horseshoeing

Everyone knows that most farmed horses are fake nails, but few realize that these pieces of metal not only protect horseshoes like shoes but also improve traction for horses. In particular, fake nails for horses are also traded like a shoe for humans. It also has a variety of ultra-light aluminum shoes for racing horses.

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Top 10 most famous horse racing courses in the world (Part 2)

Saratoga Race Course (USA):

Built in 1863 in Saratoga Springs, the track has survived two world wars, even closed during the US law banning bets.

The racetrack has a capacity of 50,000 spectators and 3 racetracks, which is also one of the four oldest racecourse in America.

Meydan (UAE) Race Course:

As a sub-city located in Dubai’s most lavish city, it is easy to understand why this track ranks 5th in the list.

According to CNN, the 2010 horse racing complex has a total budget of more than US $ 1 billion with a capacity of up to 60,000 seats including full hotel, resort, museum, restaurant and of course all 5 star standards.

Longchamp Race Course (France):

This 57-hectare race track went into operation in 1857 in Paris and France. The track has a capacity of more than 50,000 people who have welcomed Emperor Napoleon III more than 150 years ago.

In April 2018, Longchamp has just completed the upgrade process worth more than USD 155 million.

Ascot Racetrack (England):

In England, the racecourse is often said to be a gathering place for nobles and rich people, Ascot is the place where British Royal members often visit. This race track is the only track to be allowed to name the track after the names of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

The racetrack is also a favorite destination for European gamblers, estimating the total weekly bet amount at Ascot approximately £ 5 million (about VND148 billion).

Churchill Downs Race Course (USA):

Built in 1875 in the city of Louisville, Churchill Downs is holding the record of the largest event, more than 170,000 people in 2015.

The race track has a total area of ​​59 hectares, with a full range of facilities such as restaurants, theaters, shopping centers.

Tokyo Race Course (Japan):

Built in 1933 with a capacity of about 233,000 people. This is one of Asia’s largest and most modern racecourse.

Tokyo Racecourse has a total of 5 tracks and the longest track is about 3.2 km. Tokyo Racecourse is also famous for its record-breaking HD screen, approximately 750 m2.

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Top 10 most famous horse racing courses in the world (Part 1)

Horse racing is a long-standing sport and entertainment in many countries like England and America … In England, horse racing attracts the audience just after football. Each year, an estimated $ 100 billion is poured into sports betting activities.

Santa Anita Race Course (USA):

Built in the US city of Arcadia in 1924, Dubbed as the most splendid and modern race track in the world with a track of 1.6 km long and accommodating over 26,000 seats.

Not only the racetrack, the Santa Anita is also a park complex, a 1.3-hectare amusement park and picnic area right inside the track.

Aintree Racecourse (England):

Built in 1829 in the port city of Liverpool, England, Aintree is one of the oldest racecourse in the world with a life of nearly 200 years. The track owns 6 racetracks, the longest track is 6 km.

Aintree complex also owns a large racing track, a golf course, entertainment facilities such as squares, restaurants, theaters, spas with a total area of ​​up to 3 hectares. Photo:

Flemington (Australia) Race Course:

Built in 1840 in Melbourne city, Flemington Racecourse is the most modern race track in Oceania and has a record capacity of up to 120,000 seats. The track has a total of 6 racetracks and the longest track up to 3.2 km. This past March, the racetrack just built a new spectator area with a budget of 128 million USD.

Epsom Downs Race Course (England):

Epsom Downs was built in 1661, with nearly 400 years of age, this is one of the first horse racing schools in Europe and around the world.

With a capacity of about 160.00 spectators, the racetrack has the longest track of 2.4 km. Like many other British races, Epsom Downs also owns restaurants, golf courses and other expensive facilities.

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The legend of Trojan horse (Part 2)

2. The legend of Troy’s wooden horse marks history

Agamemnon decided to fight the Trojan War, where Helen and Paris were hiding there, but because of the opening of the goddess Aphrodite, the other gods of Mount Olympus also attend the war. The gods split into two sides of the war, causing the war of gods to take place for more than 10 years but not yet come to an end.

The army of King Agamemnon tried many ways to destroy the gates of Troy, but the castle was built by the hands of Apollo and Poseidon.

Therefore, the King Agamemnon’s army had devised a way to get into Troy, taking pieces of wood into a big horse, putting his troops inside the horse, then borrowing the name of the divine treasure rewarded the soldier of Troy to get inside the city.

To fulfill the flawless plan, King Agamemnon’s army appoint people to spread rumors. However, in the city of Troy, there were two people – a father and a son – who knew this was the enemy’s tactic, so they tried to stop the rumors from spreading but the God of war Aris ordered the poisonous snake to kill the father and son.

After that, Agamemnon’s army was given the momentum to continue to spread rumors that the father and son of the army were killed because they did not believe that the wooden horse was a divine so that they were punished.

From there, the people in the city became more and more confident in the story of the Trojan wooden horse and they opened the gate to receive the wooden horse procession and the Agamemnon king army ran out at night, burning the city, opening the gates for his troops to enter, Troy’s army could not keep up, losing its strength.

This glorious war has become a legend that has spread to the present day, the wooden horse gradually becomes the symbol for a successful strategy which many countries have learned until now in fighting enemy.

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The legend of Trojan horse (Part 1)

Troy is one of the most famous legends in the West, if you are curious about the legends and remains of the Trojan horse in any year, explore this article now.

1. The cause of the illustrious Troy war

Legend of Troy began from the story of the prince Paris, who was dubbed the prettiest prince in the West at the time. One day, he was attending a party with vassals, the prince asked who had the most beautiful beauty in the world can match him.

The vassals immediately said, in the East, a beautiful, extremely beautiful blonde, Helen, who was worthy of being the prince’s partner. The most beautiful person in the West and the most beautiful person in the East, if you marry each other, it will be perfect. However, Helen is the wife of King Sparta, Menelaus.

Determined to steal the beautiful Helen, the prince of Paris asked for the help of the gods. How coincidentally, at that moment, the gods were also having a beauty competition to see who deserved to get the apple for the most beautiful person.

The unbeatable competition of 3 goddess candidates namely Hera, Aphrodite and Athena. Unable to decide who is the most beautiful, 3 goddesses decided to ask Paris, who is recognized as the most beautiful person in the world to judge.

Before deciding, Paris told his story to the goddesses and Aphrodite promised to help Paris.

So Paris decided to give the apple to the goddess Aphrodite, opening the first important milestone of the war. Later, with help from the goddess of love and beauty, Paris visited Sparta, seducing Helen and causing her to leave her husband and follow him. Menelaus was so angry that he asked his brother, the king of Mycenae – Agamemnon to help him get back his wife.

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Zebra stripes through the eyes of scientists

Have you ever questioned the striking black and white zebra on the African grassland? It seems that these two colors are easy to attract other beasts to attack. However, there is a new truth discovered that may surprise you.

Researchers have recently discovered that two black and white stripes appear to have a strange “ability” to help protect people and other animals from the bite of dangerous buffalo flies and nuisance from other blood sucking species.

In the Royal Society Open Science magazine, a report was issued that indicated the use of a black and white striped body can reduce the number of bites of wild buffalo flies up to 10 times.

Researchers have also studied scientifically after recording a number of different tribal groups in Africa, Austrlia, Papua New Guinea and North America using striped decorative drawings in rituals.

The researchers said the cultural significance of stripes and different patterns is mainly related to cultural factors, but in fact it plays a very anti-fly role.

Buffalo fly is a species that can transmit diseases through blood between animals. Thus, avoiding these troubles can be a matter of life or death on the steppe.

“We believe that the above tribes know the characteristics of fighting flies. Basically, the use of white striped bodypaintings can be considered an example of behavioral / ecological evolution and adaptation with the environment, “said Gabor Horvath, from the Department of Biological Physics at Eotvos University Lorand, Hungary.

For more convincing results, scientists also studied special effects thanks to black and white stripes using three different mannequins. In it, a dark-skinned mannequin, a light-skinned mannequin and a man with dark skin were painted with white stripes. After putting mannequins in a meadow near Szokolya in Hungary in the summer, they conducted a count of the number of bites received.

With the results, scientists were surprised when the flies had “forgotten” part of the mannequin pattern of white stripes.

Besides, using a high-tech device, scientists have shown that the white striped body helps polarized light reflection much less noticeable.

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15 beautiful horse breeds worth the title “king of the natural world”

Horse is an animal that is familiar with human life. They are not only loyal but also our close companions on every road. In many countries around the world, horses are also the embodiment of energy, luck, happiness, power, strength, energy and creativity. Not only have the rapid speed, these breeds also possess a mighty beauty.

1. Friesian breeds with distinctive black fur make people think of brave heroes.

2. Akhal-Teke horse belongs to the world’s most pure breed. It possesses incredibly fast speed and remarkable toughness.

3. The Percheron is a draft horse breed originating from western France, known for its intelligence and willingness to work.

4. Horse Trakehner originated from Germany, they are high quality sports horses that have won numerous awards in international horse riding competitions.

5. Haflinger horses live mainly in Austria and northern Italy, this is a beautiful, elegant and fairly calm horse.

6. Rocky Mountain horses often reside in Kentucky state, USA. This breed is famous for its mane and tail that has an ivory color contrasting with the glossy black coat.

7. Orlov Trotter comes from Russia with a striking gray-spotted fur like a beautiful princess.

8. Shire horses are a draft horse, they can pull a great weight.

9. Gypsy horse or Di-horse horse is a small horse with many feathers in its legs. They are also known for black and white hair spots on the body.

10. Knabstrupper horse is a Danish breed with unique fur like a Dalmatian.

11. White fur mixed with brown spots is often the characteristic of Pinto Horse.

12. Appaloosa is an American breed known for its spotted fur. It is known that the color or pattern on each horse is the result of heredity.

13. Tinker horse is another name for Gypsy horse. They are an effective towing assistant for the Roma people.

14. Arabian horse, also known as apricot horse, is a rare breed of horse originating from Arabic. In addition, they are associated with the history of equestrian sports.

15. Norwegian horse breed Fjord has a small physique but is very healthy. They are concentrated mainly in the mountains of western Norway.

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Why do zebras have black and white stripes?

Zebra is one of the most recognizable animals on Earth thanks to its distinctive black and white striped. Many scientists study the effect of these stripes and give different explanations.

Recently, in a post in the British Journal of the Royal Society, researchers at Eotvos Lorand University (Budapest, Hungary) gave a new explanation. It is a zebra that ‘uses’ body stripes as a way to prevent blood-sucking insects.

Scientists observed zebra and brown horses in Hungary, where many species of insects suck blood in the summer months. The results showed that the brown horses were 10 times more stung by insects than zebras

They also experimented on a group of volunteer body painters. One group painted another color and one group painted black and white stripes like zebra. The results are similar to those for horses.

Explaining this, the team thinks that alternating black and white stripes work to scatter light, making it harder for blood-sucking insects to see the target. Aboriginal Africans and Australians also often use the way of drawing stripes on their bodies to prevent insects. Painting color also has the other effect of reducing irritation from the bite.

Before this explanation, many theories about the effect of black and white stripes were given. Some scientists argue that it is a way to disguise to hide young horses among big horses; makes predators easy to be dazzled to detect; or help regulate body temperature.

In addition, zebra black and white stripes also bring significant social benefits, helping them recognize each other. This is especially important in visual communication between mother horses and their offspring.

These explanations are published in world-renowned scientific journals and are controversial. Most of them have not been confirmed experimentally. Therefore, the exact effect of the zebra and black stripes of the zebra has not yet been concluded.

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Nutrition for horses

Equine nutrition is a diet for the species of the Horse family, including wild horses, domestic horses, donkeys, and other horses, including crossbred horses. An accurate and balanced diet is an important component of proper horse care, especially diets that are very important for racing horses when playing top-level as well as using for work or during special periods such as when breeding horses.

Animals The horse family is a herbivore, mainly feeding on fibrous raw foods such as grass. When necessary, they also eat other plant-based foods, such as leaves, fruit, and bark, but are usually grazes rather than animals that break branches or leaves. Unlike ruminants, with their complex stomach system, Horses are disintegrating cellulose in the “gut” (cecum), part of the colon.

n fact, horses like to eat a small amount of food throughout the day (hybrid), because they are naturally present when grazed on pastures. The horse’s digestive system is a bit complicated and affects their diet, they are very susceptible to colic, the leading cause of death in horses, horses require clean, high quality food, provided regularly , and they may be ill if abruptly changed in their diet, horses are also sensitive to mold and toxins. Breeding horses is generally easier than other livestock, especially domestic breeds, they eat simply, just need fresh grass, rice flour or molasses. They eat junk food.

The digestive system of horses greatly affects the diet of horses, their digestive system will affect their choice of food, time of eating, food intake, their eating habits, and other related issues.

Giving horses plenty of clean water is one of the important priorities, it is necessary to allow them access to water regularly, otherwise they should drink water at least twice a day and allow them to absorb water. Few minute. Check that the water in the trough remains clean and does not freeze. Always clean water troughs and rinse every day.

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Why the zebra dad wants to kill its son when he was born?

The zebra seems to be a gentle animal, but the male zebra kills a newborn zebra as soon as it has just been born, which is nothing less than another carnivore like a lion.
The zebra whose mother has not recovered after birth has to stand up, kicks towards the male zebra to save his son’s life in a difficult situation.

The act of killing offspring of the same species is not only in zebras but also in many other mammals such as baboons Chacma baboons (Papio ursinus), lions, dolphins … with the name “infanticide” (killing a baby).

Anthropologist Sarah Hrdy of the University of California (USA) was the first to propose an explanation for the phenomenon in the animal world in 1970: “Killing newborns can be an evolutionary reproduction strategy at males and sometimes females “.

Zoologist Dieter Lukas at Cambridge University and his colleagues are behavioral ecologists Elise Huchard working at the French National Center for Scientific Research, or CNRS for even deeper study.
They conducted the study and observed the behavior of 260 different species, the results showed that killing offspring occurs in 119 species, of which the main culprits are all males.

After comparing with other good kernels related to social structure and mating behavior, both researchers found that killing offspring occurs more often in socially structured animals with males and live together.

Especially in that society, there are a few leading males, controlling the right to mate with the females in the herd (meaning that other males will be restricted or avoid from mating) but only in some stage.

In addition, it is related to the seasonal reproductive cycle of giving birth ( female zebra can mate at any time). Therefore, the male will seek to kill the offspring (especially the predecessor’s opponent ) in order to reserve the right to mate, making the female zebra return to the earlier estrus period.

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