Interesting Facts About Horses (Part 2)

The world’s most popular horse breed is the american quarter

The American quarter horse is the world’s most popular horse breed appreciated by professional horsemen alike and beginner riders.

The original horse has same size as a golden retriever

The original horse Diminutive Hyracotherium which lived about 50 million years ago during the Eocene epoch was no larger than a golden retriever. Hyracotherium may have looked more like a small deer or goat than a modern-day horse.

Humans Domesticated Horses More Than 3,000 Years Ago

Dogs may have become human companions around 14,000 years ago. Cats had been domesticated by humans about 8,500 years ago. Although there are some evidence which showed that horses may have become domesticated even earlier, horse has relationship with human about 3,500 B.C, a little more recently.

White horses are gray at birth

Most of the white horses at birth were actually a much darker color and gradually turn white when they grow up. These white horses that you see may start out as chestnut, bay, or even almost black. These horses aren’t actually called gray, not white.

You can guess how old a horse is by its teeth

You can estimate the age of a horse by its teeth although it might be not exactly. Horses’ teeth need proper equine dental care and extra care is needed when feeding senior horses because sometimes a horse lives longer than its teeth shows.

Hand is the measurement for horse’s height

We use a hand to measure the height of a horse. Any equine of a pony is under 14.2 hands. The miniature horses is the only equines which not measured in hands and are measured in centimeters or inches.

A foal is a baby horse

The difference between a foal, filly, and colt depends on age and gender. Generally, a baby horse is called a foal. It is called a weanling after it is weaned from its dam. But, horses which are two years of age remain colts or fillies.

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Interesting Facts About Horses (Part 1)

Horse is such an fascinating creature of nature. You could have plenty to explore and spend your whole life studying even if you don’t know how to ride a horse. These are 15 if exciting facts about horses.

Horse can live until more than 30 years old

“How long does a horse live?” is one of the most common questions about horse. The answer might surprise you. The human life expectancy has increased, so has equine longevity. The knowledge or horse care, veterinary medicine and horse nutrition has increased.

Arabian Horse sas one fewer vertebrae, rib and tail bone than other horses

The Arabian horse possess some unique characteristics. It have one fewer vertebrae, rib and tail bone than other horses and is the foundation of many other light horse breeds.

Horse is Herbivores

Horses are herbivores while lions are carnivores and humans are omnivores. All typical characteristics of herbivores show in the type of digestive system, the way their teeth are formed, and the position of their eyes.

Horse is herd animal

Domestic horses feel more comfortable if they have companions while wild horses live in small herds. a horse feels quite stressful if it has to live alone. Your horse need a  friend (preferably equine) to be happy.

Horse stands during sleep

Yes, horses stand up when they sleep! They also sleep laying down, but only in a short time.

Horse Can’t Burp

Horse can’t burp, even can’t vomit or breathe through their mouths either at least not the way as humans do.  Unlike cattle and other ruminants that regurgitate food to re-chew it, the digestive system of a horse is a one-way street. This one-directional and long system can cause problems which result in colic though horse has a pretty efficient way of processing the tough fibrous foods which make up their forage.

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Learn to Ride a Horse For Beginners

This is your first time to ride a horse. You have to learn right technique and keep the safe conditions. Enjoy your ride, it will be very interesting. But don’t forget to follow these tips belows.

Handle Your Horse


You should dress properly for tacking up and riding horses when you go to the barn to learn your first lesson or you ride a horse for the first time. Before your first time to the barn you should wear a helmet, long trousers (breeches or jeans); closed-toe shoes, sneakers or boots with small heels, gloves (it can be useful for your sensitive skin)


Make friend with your horse. You an pet your horse to make your horse feel comfortable with you before the ride. Always approach your horse from its side, better the left side. Gently neck scratch your horse. Although various horses prefer affection in different ways, most horses really like to be scratched their necks. Before you ride you can feed your horse a quick treat. It might be a good idea to reward your horse after the ride.You can also ask somebody such as the owner of the horse, the barn manager, or riding instructor to help you tack up your horse for the first time.


Before you ride your horse you should groom it. Take good care of your horse before and after you ride by using several different brushes to groom it.

Comb your horse’s entire body by using the dandy brush, curry comb in small circles from front to back. To remove dust and dirt out from the horse’s coat you use the dandy brush.

After that you use a hard brush to comb your horse’s hair in short, firm strokes from front to back. The hard brush should not be used on the horse’s face or below its knees.

And the final step you should use a soft brush. The soft brush can be used everywhere on your horse, even on its face or below its knees.

You should also use hoof picks to pick your horse’s hooves. Stand next to one of your horse’s hooves from its side. You face the opposite way of your horse. Put your hand under your horse’s leg. Gently pull when you reach the area below the hoof and the knee The soft middle part of the hoof or the “frog,”, is often sensitive, so you shouldn’t pick at that.

Through your nonverbal command, your horse will recognize and lift up its foot, showing the underside of its hoof. Pick out rocks and dirt from your horse’s hoof by using the metal hook of your hoof pick.

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The world’s most unique dwarf horse

The Shetland dwarf horse is only as tall as a child but has the pulling power of a cow and is one of the smartest horses today. They are considered by the Scltlan people to be national mascots.

The Shetland pony originated in today’s eastern Shetland Islands. Shetland horses are quite small compared to other horse breeds. It has an average height of 75cm – 107cm.

Although small, it is considered one of the smartest horse breeds today. Despite their small size, they are very healthy. So they are used to pull carts, carry peat, coal and other items even plowing instead of cattle.

They are easily distinguishable from other horse breeds because of their long, beautiful coat. In the mid-19th century thousands of Shetland horses were brought to England to work in pits, drawing coal underground.

Today Shetland horses are used in horse racing training centers for children. Shetland is also used in horse racing schools for children.

One of them is also kept in a zoo to serve visitors. They are also used as a vehicle for tourists in major European cities or commercial centers.

Because they are very intelligent, they are allowed to take instructional classes like a dog. Compared to other horse breeds of the same size, Shetland is much stronger. The horses chosen for training were managed by the Royal Scottish Regiment.

Today Shetland ponies are used in horse racing training centers for children. Some of them are raised at petting zoos for sightseeing and used as transportation for passengers in major cities in Europe or commercial centers.

Shetland has thick and long mane and a thick fur like winter coat helps them to withstand extreme weather. Shetland has all colors from black, chestnut, gray, palomino, brown, cremello, and silver to pink white.

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Best race horses in the world (Part 3)

White Akhal – Teke horse

Its galloping speed is extremely fast and is very resistant to endurance. According to legend, Emperor Han Wuy offers a generous reward to anyone who can find him a purebred blood horse, Akhal – Teke completely meets this requirement, but this horse is hard to live at. sue China and thus cannot live long.

Andalusian horse

Andalucia, known as purebred Spanish horse, rooted from the Iberian Peninsula. With the power of a war horse, Andalucia is greatly appreciated by the Spanish nobility. The Andalusian horse is silvery-gray in color, although not beautiful, but runs very well

The breed is compact, elegant but strong in shape, thick mane and long tail. The color is mostly gray. Andalucia is very intelligent, sensitive and obedient.

Quarter horse

The breed’s name comes from the fact that they are always used to race 1/4 mile races. Quarter is mixed with pure horses and Spanish horses.

Some of these stallions can reach speeds of up to 88km / h. This breed is faster than Thoroughbred in short races but not as tough.

Quarter is from 1.5 to 1.6m high and weighs 450kg, chest wide, short neck, horsehair usually only one color. Currently this breed is often used for animal husbandry.

Arabian horse

This is the oldest and most influential horse in the world. It excels in noble beauty. Remarkably, it is almost impossible to recognize the junction between the head and neck of this precious horse. As a result, no other horse line is able to turn its head perfectly when reaching the maximum speed like Arabian horses. That is just one of many examples.

The stable and courageous Marengo horse of Napoleon is the Arabian horse. The Barb of North African warriors is second only to the Arabian breed of age for thoroughbredness. This type comes from Marocco, with the important feature of very high stamina, suitable for hot battle during the day or cold at night in the desert.

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Best race horses in the world (Part 2)

Cabardin horse

Kabardin horses are also known as Cabarids, originating from Russia, developed in the Soviet period and are popularly cultivated in the highlands of Capcado and Zacapcado.

This horse has so far been established for more than 400 years and has been imported to Vietnam. Cabadin is a specialized horse breed, used for war horses, races or dragons.

This breed is particularly cold-tolerant, suitable for harsh conditions in areas with prolonged winters. Cabardin is capable of running a difficult, rugged mountain road.

The most famous are the races running around Mount Capcado, through a total journey of 3000km in 47 days and nights, averaging speed of 64km / day.

Thoroughbred horse

Thoroughbred horses are bred between Arab stallions and British mares from the end of the 17th century. Thoroughbred is the name of this breed, not in the pure sense. Like Thoroughbred horses can not give birth to children, so are named so.

The characteristics of this breed are particularly coarse tendon, bone tendon separates clearly, firm nails. For over 300 years of its history, this breed has been constantly improved to accumulate the essentials of a professional steed.

High Thoroughbred, powerful, gorgeous bodybuilding and indispensable extreme speed. The fastest speed of this variety is 60km / h.

Appaloosa horse

The Appaloosa horse is a spotted horse breed breeded by Nez Percé in Idaho, USA from the famous Middle Ages. This breed is about 1.4m tall, weighs about 500kg and is extremely smart, fast and durable.

Thanks to the special coat like his jaguar, Appaloosa is often used in shows or movies.

Akhal – Teke

Akhal – Teke is an ancient and unique horse breed in Turkmenisan, where they are honored as national symbols. This breed is one of the most thoroughbred breeds in the world, never crossed with any horse.

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Best race horses in the world (Part 1)

In the past horses are served during the time of war. Nowadays they are often used to race, work in the fields, cowherd and shepherd or pull machines and plow. Currently there are over 100 different horse breeds in the world, and the best race horses in the world can list as follows.

British Horse

British Horse has a large stature ranging from 1.4 to 1.5m, weighs about 400kg, often reddish brown or also known as pink or white horse. Their bodies are balanced and strong. British Horse is not only strong but also very beautiful.

The British Empire is very powerful in the War time also thanks to this good fighting horse. Currently British horses are preferred for racing.

Nisean Horse

Nisean horse is a horse breed originating from the Nisean plateau (Iran today). This breed is suitable for riding an ancient cavalry. Nisean possesses superior size and strength compared to ordinary horses.

The Romans were impressed by the horse’s extraordinary health and hardship when fighting the Parthian Empire.

Mongolian Horse

Mongolian horses are a native breed of Mongolia. This famous war horse breed was born in the Mongolian steppe and the Gobi desert during the Mongol Empire in the 7th-XIII century.

This breed is very good at enduring, extremely tough and easy to breed, so it is less expensive. Mongolian horses are of medium size, slightly lower, about 1.4m, full body reddish brown or may be dark brown. A well-proportioned body, large breasts, slim belly, big legs.

This type of horse is the strongest, high strength, and easy to feed. Speed ​​runs from 30-45km/h. Especially the Mongol horse can be trotted for 10 consecutive hours.


Hackney are famous for their speed and beauty that originated in the Netherlands. It is graceful and agile thanks to their size. Hackney breeds often have a sleek black coat, characterized by a long mane fluttering in the wind. Their limbs are relatively short and strong.

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The most interesting things about horses (Part 2)

5. Create a new breed of Hybrid Equid horse

Hybrid Equid is the common name for a series of horses  crossbred between donkeys and zebras, domestic horses and zebras, horses and mule. This hybrid breed began to be created in the early 20th century with the first hybrid horse being a product of zebras and donkeys.

6. Secrecy of the horse’s eyes

Horses have pretty good eyesight thanks to very special eyes. In terms of width, with a diameter of about 5 cm, the horse is a mammal that lives on the land with the largest eyes, it has a heavy weight 9 times more than the human eye. According to legend, this makes horses see things bigger than humans but in fact this is not true.

The mystery of the horse’s eye power lies in that it cannot focus on looking at a point like a human eye. The lower part of the eye retina sees the objects far away and the upper part looks closer. That means that if you want to know where the horse is looking, you should pay attention to its head.

7. Horses work in the police industry since the 17th century

Police horses were used in law enforcement during peacetime from the 17th century and the first horse police unit was founded in 1805 in London (England), then Australia and the United States. These recruited horses are castrated.

Currently the number of horses used for police is gradually weakening due to the introduction of police motorcycles and other vehicles. However, many countries still maintain some horse police units to promote or use while leading a crowd.

8. Horses give the US economy about $ 40 billion a year

Horses are used for many different purposes ranging from sports, entertainment to breeding and civet in the field. Up to now, horse breeding has become an industry. In the US alone, there are about 4.6 million employees working in this industry, generating revenue for the economy of 39 billion USD annually. Totally in the world today there are 58 million horses being bred in the horse industry.

9. Horses use “smiles” to test smells

You can see a horse with a strange expression that curls the edge of its mouth and bares its teeth as if smiling. But this is a technical operation to extend the nose to scent into the most olfactory glands at the end of the horse’s nose.

Along with the curved lips, the horse also shook its head slightly to allow the odor to enter the deeper olfactory glands. In fact, the horse doesn’t have to laugh, it’s just identifying the smell. This behavior is called Flehmen reaction, which is a common reaction in stallions as well as some other animals to check urine sample to discover whether its mate ready for mating.

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The most interesting things about horses (Part 1)

Horses have been associated with human life for thousands of years. This “mighty” animal has many interesting things that not all of us know today.

1. Horses have “remember long, tough” brains

According to a 2010 study, horses have the same intelligence as elephants, especially its memory is much better than what people previously anticipated. If you treat your horse well, the horse will remember you like a soulmate in life. But beware, when you accidentally or wrongly treat a horse, he/she will never forget.

2. The Arabian horse runs best

Arabian horses are considered one of the oldest horses on the planet, appearing at least 4,500 years ago. This breed has a strange point with larger ribs than other horses.

Although less lumbar and caudal vertebrae, the Arabian horse has the best health and endurance in the kingdom of animals. It is capable of running at once more than 160 km without a break.

3. Name of the horse follows the rules

According to the review of foreign researchers, horse names often end with tails like “Seabiscui”, “Horlick” or “Ohnoitsmymotherinlaw”. This is no coincidence. Many owners want to place a strong name “Man O’War” because they believe this horse will give them luck in the races.

Meanwhile many people named horses must respect the name in the genealogy of this horse because they think that, if not, the horse can bring unhappiness. Even some horse racing clubs limit the name for horses to 18 characters long, prohibiting naming is obscene, racist or overly aggressive.

4. “Great” effect of horseshoeing

Everyone knows that most farmed horses are fake nails, but few realize that these pieces of metal not only protect horseshoes like shoes but also improve traction for horses. In particular, fake nails for horses are also traded like a shoe for humans. It also has a variety of ultra-light aluminum shoes for racing horses.

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Top 10 most famous horse racing courses in the world (Part 2)

Saratoga Race Course (USA):

Built in 1863 in Saratoga Springs, the track has survived two world wars, even closed during the US law banning bets.

The racetrack has a capacity of 50,000 spectators and 3 racetracks, which is also one of the four oldest racecourse in America.

Meydan (UAE) Race Course:

As a sub-city located in Dubai’s most lavish city, it is easy to understand why this track ranks 5th in the list.

According to CNN, the 2010 horse racing complex has a total budget of more than US $ 1 billion with a capacity of up to 60,000 seats including full hotel, resort, museum, restaurant and of course all 5 star standards.

Longchamp Race Course (France):

This 57-hectare race track went into operation in 1857 in Paris and France. The track has a capacity of more than 50,000 people who have welcomed Emperor Napoleon III more than 150 years ago.

In April 2018, Longchamp has just completed the upgrade process worth more than USD 155 million.

Ascot Racetrack (England):

In England, the racecourse is often said to be a gathering place for nobles and rich people, Ascot is the place where British Royal members often visit. This race track is the only track to be allowed to name the track after the names of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.

The racetrack is also a favorite destination for European gamblers, estimating the total weekly bet amount at Ascot approximately £ 5 million (about VND148 billion).

Churchill Downs Race Course (USA):

Built in 1875 in the city of Louisville, Churchill Downs is holding the record of the largest event, more than 170,000 people in 2015.

The race track has a total area of ​​59 hectares, with a full range of facilities such as restaurants, theaters, shopping centers.

Tokyo Race Course (Japan):

Built in 1933 with a capacity of about 233,000 people. This is one of Asia’s largest and most modern racecourse.

Tokyo Racecourse has a total of 5 tracks and the longest track is about 3.2 km. Tokyo Racecourse is also famous for its record-breaking HD screen, approximately 750 m2.

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