Legend of one-horned horse (Unicorns)

One of the fascinating stories that travelers tell is about the creatures they saw on the far new land, the unicorn.
This species has its head and body like horses and forelegs such as chamois legs, tails like lion tails. Each of these unicorn has a long, twisted horn in the middle of the forehead.

They are described as horse-like creatures, slim with horns shining brightly. But characteristics depend on different cultures. Westerners think these creatures are wild and cannot be domesticated. While the Eastern people think that they are very peaceful, gentle, docile and bring good omen.

The word Unicorn comes from the Hebrew word: re’em means the horn, translated into Latin as monoceros meaning a horn, which translates into unicorn in English.

In some legend stories, this creature also has white wings and it is completely free to fly in the sky. It is said that its horn has miraculous magic, preventing any poison. So that horn is priceless and is hunted down to make a drink cup. But to this day, no one has been lucky enough to find strange creatures in that legend …

It is believed that this beautiful creature shaped like a horse must have existed somewhere very far and long ago. For the early humans, these creatures were not trivial. The appearance of unicorn in legends is often very beautiful places: empty patches of forest, where there are murmuring water fountains and spring flowers blooming, glistening aura or sometimes in beautiful autumn forest.

Rumour has it, unicorn is a brave, fearless, agile and powerful creature. They challenge all brave hunters. Only pure white girls can approach and can ride unicorn.

In an ancient poem, it is said that this mythical creature disappears from the human world because mankind has made it more and more wicked by greed, hatred. Its mystery is a miracle, like a rainbow, no one caught it. Legend is like a sweet song that goes on and on forever.

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5 horses in the world mythology

Pegasus with swings in Greek mythology, 8-legged Sleipnir of Northern Europeans … are famous horses in the mythology in some countries.

Appearing in the culture of East Asian countries, Chollima is a galloping horse. Similar to Pegasus horse of Greek mythology, Chollima also has long wings. According to legend, this horse can run about 400 kilometers every day. It It first appeared in the 3rd century BC during the Qin Dynasty. Today, Thien Ly Ma is considered a symbol of North Korea’s economic development.

Tulpar is the term for a legendary winged horse in Central Asian countries. One of the legends said that the hero Ösküs-ool used part of Tulpar’s body to create the first violin. It is believed that this horse is a symbol of horses and a bird of prey. These are animals used by Central Asian people in hunting. Tulpar horses play a very important role in Central Asian culture and are a famous symbol in two countries Mongolian and Kazakhstan.

In Greek mythology, the mares of Diomedes appeared in the 8th victory of the hero Heracles (or Hercules). According to legend, the horses eat the travelers when they make the mistake of unaccepting the hospitality of Diomedes, the ruler of Thracia. Heracles conquered these brutal horses by feeding them by their owner meat. When halfway through, the mares found it to be his master and chased after Heracles. Heracles soon gathered them and drove them onto the ship for Tiryns. After giving them to Eurystheus, Heracles let them go. In the end, the horses were also eaten by the evil brid Stymphalus.

Kanthaka is a famous horse in Buddhist mythology. According to legend, this horse has white feathers, length 18 meters and corresponding height. Kanthaka is the precious horse of Buddha Sidhartha Gautama, the founder of Buddhism. When deciding to become a monk, Buddha Sidhartha Gautama sat on Kanthaka’s horse to escape the family palace. After his death, Kanthaka was reborn as a scholar.

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The Excitement of Being Part of the Race

Horse racing is one of the most exciting and oldest sports in the world. It is one that some believe can be traced back to chariot racing seen in ancient Greece. The U.K claims that it originated from knights returning with noble Arab horses from the crusades and that horse racing started under the reign of Charles II, becoming a professional sport in the 18th century. The timeline for horse racing in the UK started around 1660 when King Charles II raced two horses against each other on a private course, and that led to the opening of Newmarket.

Evolution of Horse Racing

Horse racing further evolved under Queen Anne in 1702 to 1714 when the two-horse races started involving several horses and the well-attended races allowed spectators to place bets, Ascot racecourse was also founded in 1711 by the Queen. By 1750 a jockey club was established by Newmarket, and the first General Stud Book was published in 1791 by James Weatherby, who used it to record every race horse’s pedigree.

The Tote established in 1928 to offer pool betting on horse races, while newspapers and television hugely increase the popularity of horse racing during the 1950s to 1960s, and betting shops was legalised shortly after in 1961, leading to 10,000 betting shops opening in the UK within the first six months.

Betting Shops and Online Horse Race Betting

With horseracing becoming the second most-enjoyed sport to watch via television, only second to football it was only a matter of time before more betting options would become available and by 2000 the first online betting shop opened. This provided horse-racing enthusiast from around the world the opportunity to become part of the racing action, which at the same time made online betting on horse racing one of the most popular sports betting options.

Online Betting on Horse Racing Strategies

Horse racing enthusiasts have hundreds of different bets to choose from which includes win bets, each-way bets, forecast bets, tricast bets, accumulator bets and Trixie bets. Experienced punters use a variety of horse racing betting strategies and take into consideration the form of the horse, the racing distance, track surface, trainer, the jockey and his weight.

Popular Horse Races

Horse racing is one of the most supported sports, and millions partake by placing bets all year round, yet the most popular races include the Grand National watched by well over 500 million people across 140 countries, while the Cheltenham Festival is visited yearly by over 200,000 racing enthusiasts. The richest horse race was the Dubai World Cup, and it carries since 2010 a prize purse of $10 million, yet it was surpassed in 2017 by the Pegasus World Cup, which remains the most popular with punters since 1996. Thousands of online sportsbooks accept betting on hundreds of different sports events, yet one of the most popular betting options remain online betting on horse racing.

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What Cheltenham Festival Week is All About

The biggest week on the horseracing calendar is that of the Cheltenham Festival, every year the gate open at around 10:30, massive queues of people enter as they arrive via hundreds of busses, trains and minibuses.

While all eyes are on the outfits, thousands of race attendees clamber off double-decker buses and trains to make it to the yearly racing extravaganza. Some storm through the gates to beat the rush, others sprint straight to the bars and with the recent weather conditions the ladies had no choice but to wear either high boots or thick boats.

Although it’s a creative crowd that are yearly slaves to the entertainment at Cheltenham, the excitement, betting opportunities and just the crowd in general. Several attendees have found other ways to stand out, and these include wearing tight bright red dresses, have plenty of skin exposed, mix darks and brights, and there are the wide variety of unique hats. No matter the distance or the number of hours spend a Cheltenham, one rule that remains in place is the stilettos and high heels, a tradition that stood the test of time.

Cheltenham’s Rich History

Started to host national hunt meeting, Cheltenham was one of several racecourses where meetings took place. As more and more people attended races, race enthusiasts became creative in finding the best place to enjoy the race events from and in 1913 the numbers board became a stand.

Since the 1930’s already, Cheltenham has drawn important people, the smartly dressed, film stars, and celebrities and by 1937 the list of attendees included Baron De Tuyll. Things worked a bit different then, placing bets on horseraces were completely different, it was ages before the convenience of online sports betting.

Black and white photographs of 1938 show how a tote official pays out a win via a portable tote machine. Come rain, shine or even snow, Cheltenham’s yearly race week continued to grow in participating horses and attendees, and the fashion went from long dresses and coats to mini dresses, tight-fitting dresses, different colours and more creative hats.

2019 Cheltenham Festival Dates Confirmed

Every year the large crowd at Cheltenham includes some of the richest and most popular people, and in 2018 the Duchess of Cornwall was spotted at the festival as she attended the Ladies Day, Princess Anne was spotted in the parade ring, and so was Zara Tindall. Celebrities attending race week also included Rod Stewards, Charlotte Hawkins, Thom Evans, Mike Tindall, Warren Gatland, Olivia Attwood, Chris Hudges and Jodie Kidd and with the 2018 festival gone everyone has ample time to prepare for next which starts on Tuesday the 12th of March 2019.

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Horse Racing

Classified as an equestrian performance sport, horse racing takes place between more than two horses manned by jockeys. It is also one of the oldest sports while the distance of the set course can differ from one race or track to the other. It is a popular daily, weekly or yearly event taking place in many countries around the world, and racing forms includes horses trained to run over obstacles, races taking place on a variety of track surfaces, various lengths, and races exclusively taking part between particular breeds.

Different Types of Horses in Racing

There are many different types of horse in racing. These include endurance racing, harness racing, jump racing and flat racing:

Endurance Races

In distance endurance races range from 25 miles up to 100 miles and the participating horse’s race across the country and have to perform during extreme distances.

Harness Races

During a harness race, the driver in a sulky is pulled by the horses while they are pacing or trotting.

Jump Racing

Jump racing is even more popular in Ireland and the United Kingdom than everywhere else in the world, it is also commonly known a Steeplechasing and in this type of racing, the horse has to also achieve success over obstacles.

Flat Racing

It is one of the nicest races to watch since it involves horses to gallop between two points on an oval or straight track. Flat racing takes place on surfaces that range from 400 m up to 4 km and the shorter distances are known or referred to as sprints.

Racing Day Excitement

Racecourses come in a wide variety of sizes and shapes, while some are draped in luxury others have few resources are as bare bone as you could imagine. As with any sport, the races continued to evolve and modern racing days include famous attendance, couples and individuals competing for the best-dressed nomination, and then there is the opportunity for anyone at the race or away to place bets on the race. Luckily the days of standing in queue’s to place a bet on your favourite are long gone, especially since online betting on horse racing is available on all mobile devices and your desktop.

Biggest Horse Races Around The Globe

Horse racing is considered the largest gambling portal in the world, multi-millionaires around the globe have a special interest in the sport. One of the oldest and biggest tracks in the world is based in Baltimore, USA, it opened in 1873 and offers prize money worth $1.5 million. One of the most recently opened racetracks is the 1,125 miles track in Florida called the Pegasus that opened in January 2017 and now offers prize money worth up to $12 million.

One thing that is clear is that online betting on horse racing is now the preferred form of taking part in racing, and there is a new saying in town, while the high street bookie is losing ground the new generation enjoy fast, quick and easy betting at online betting sites.

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How To Take Care of a Horse

Horses are strong, large animals. They are enjoyable and hardy companions, but it doesn’t come without frequent attention as they need constant maintenance and care. They also require loads of interaction with you, attention, and various activities to ensure they don’t get bored.

Keeping a horse requires a commitment of both money and time. You will need to have an exercise area and adequate shelter along with a wide range of horse supplies as well as the time to ensure everything is clean and well maintained. Basic horse care will include daily watering and feeding, regular medical attention, and daily exercise.

Horse Habitat

Horses will need shelter in order to protect them from various elements. They require shade during the summer and need to be protected from cold and wind during winter. This can be achieved with trees, horse stalls, a barn, or a simple shade cover which will greatly depend on the climate. Should you decide on a small stall, ensure it is not smaller than 12×12 inches and make sure that they get daily exercise.

You will also need to ensure that your fences are in good order. It’s best to avoid using barbed wire as horses often get caught in them. You will also need to regularly check for poisonous plants to ensure they don’t ingest them. The gates also need to be secured with a chain as most horses quickly learn how to open them.

Horse Feeding

You should always supply your horse with fresh water along with mineral lick or salt. Horses are grazing animals, and therefore they are used to all day eating, so ensure you feed them quite often. You can feed your horse two a day, once in the morning and again in the evening. The primary component in a diet of a horse is hay or roughage. If there’s grass around, there’s no need to supply them with hay when the pastures are green.

You should also be careful not to give them too much hay that consists of high protein as it will create hoof problems when they don’t get enough exercise. You also need to ensure that you don’t feed them after or before their exercise as it can cause problems and discomfort with digestion.

Horse Grooming

You will need to groom your horse quite frequently to ensure their coats are in good condition. This is also the best opportunity for you to check your horse for general health, ticks, and cuts. The hooves of your horse should also be checked quite regularly to ensure there’s nothing stuck underneath the hoof.

Should the bottom of the hoof look pasty and white in several places, there’s a high chance that your horse has a fungus. This is usually caused when your horse stands in mud. Moving your horse to a dry place will often get rid of the fungus, but it is better to treat it yourself with anti-fungal medicine that you can get over-the-counter.

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Why to Microchip Your Horses

This blog post is a big jump from colour genetics to horse identification. I follow several horse groups such as; do people recognize a horse they own or do people now where a former horse they owned now is. I also follow Stolen Horse International/Net Posse where an alarming stolen and missing horses are reported each year. This has encouraged me to make this post about microchips and why you should microchip your horses.

Registration papers serve as a very helpful form of identification and tracking the whereabouts with horses. However, papers get lost, not transfer, not sold with the horse, etc. Hot and freeze brands a great forms of identification however they do not give much information and it can be near impossible to find the owner of a brand years down the line. Microchipping horses gives horses an identification method that does not require people to properly keep track of such as with papers and more in depth information then branding.

Microchips serve as an excellent source of identification. Microchips can assist identification in several different scenario such as stolen horse, lost horse, displaced horse from a disaster, purchased a horse with unknown history, etc.

A microchip is a Radio Frequency Identification device that when scanned with a microchip reader it relays back a number. This is a non-duplicated number that is usually 10-15 numbers long, the first few numbers generally indicate what country the chip is from and what organization the chip is registered with. The microchip is very small and it is injection into the horse’s neck. Specifically it is injected into the horse’s nuchal ligament. Being in the nuchal ligament it is less likely to migrate as is known in smaller animals where the chip is merely placed under the skin. The injection is not considered painful as horses rarely react when the chip is implanted. There is a form to be filled out with owner and horse information to go along with the microchip number. This form is sent into the organisation that registers the microchip attaching information about the horse with the chip number. The chip is not helpful if the number is not associated with any information.

Currently, when a microchip is read all that is read is the number. You then must use a website to pull up the horse’s information connected to the microchip number. The Thoroughbred industry in the UK and soon to be US (new Jockey Club rule for mandatory microchips in 2017) are working/planning on improving microchip reading and the information connected to microchips. The goal is to be able to read the chip and automatically pull up the horse’s profile on a computer connected, linked or synced to the scanner. The hope is to have a high information profile all linked to the microchip such as health records, training records, sales records, etc. The microchip has the potential to become a huge wealth of knowledge and information about the horse. Imagine buying a horse with an unknown background to scan the chip and have years of history right at your fingertips!

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DNA Testing Lab – Etalon Diagnostics

DNA testing can be an expensive endeavour if you are testing a large amount of genes. Some labs will offer group packages at a discount. Some registries will also offer you discounts for DNA packages. There is now a lab that offers a huge package of equine DNA testing for a very reasonable price. This lab is called Etalon Diagnostics.

Etalon offers a package they call the Mini Panel. The Mini Panel is very far from being Mini! The Mini Panel is a work in progress for the lab where they are adding new genes very quickly. There are also genes that are being studied that are on the panel. Currently, horses that have their DNA sent in may have their DNA studied in future studies (exciting to be a part of future studies!).

Etalon only starts to run tests on the 1st and the 15th of every month. This leads to a larger wait time for the results compared to other labs. My wait time was about a month and a half (the holidays no doubt added to this wait). The results are emailed to you in a fantastic package including a summary of the test results, the test results, a few charts and a little section helping to explain the lingo used in the results.

The summary page of DNA testing.

The Mini Panel currently tests the following:
Extension (Red/Black factor)
Agouti (just black and bay)
Dominant White 1 – 21
SW 1 – 5 (including Macchiato)
Incontinencia Pigmenti (genetic disease Brindle)

Glycogen Branching Enzyme Deficiency (GBED)
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP)
Hereditary Equine Regional Dermal Asthenia (HERDA)
Malignant Hyperthermia (MH)
Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy – Type 1 (PSSM1)
Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa 1 (JEB1)
Junctional Epidermolysis Bullosa 2 (JEB2)
Cerebellar Abiotrophy (CA)
Lavender Foal Syndrome (LFS)
Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)
Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (AIS)
Equine Arteritus Virus Resistance
Foal Immunodeficiency Syndrome (FIS)
Impaired Acrosomal Reaction
West Nile Resistance


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Cerebellar Abiotrophy

Cerebellar Abiotrophy is a genetic disease found in Arabians. It is recessive, meaning carriers of the disease show no symptoms. However, in homozygous form the disease presents itself with neurological symptoms. It is especially important to DNA test for recessive and lethal genetic diseases before breeding. The following video is brought to you by Cerebellar Abiotrophy.org.

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Pattern 1 Gene Testing Available to the Public

The Leopard spotted horse is one that catches that attention of horse people and non-horse people alike. However, it has taken some time for the genes responsible for the coat to be genetically discovered. This is in part due to there being multiple genes at work: the LP Complex and Pattern genes. The LP Complex puts white hairs onto the horse’s coat, this is called Varnish Roan generally when no Pattern genes are present. Pattern genes rearrange the white hairs put onto the horse’s coat into different patterns. Note that some horses still do varnish out even when Pattern genes are present.

As the geneticists were in the process of discovering PATN 1 genetically it was theorized that PATN 1 resulted in Leopard and Few Spots coats. The theory was that a horse heterozygous for the LP Complex and for the PATN 1 gene the horse would be a Near Leopard. A horse heterozygous for the LP Complex however homozygous for PATN 1 the horse would be a Nose to Toes Leopard. A horse homozygous for LP Complex with the PATN 1 gene present will result in a Few Spots coat.

In March 2015 the PATN 1 test was announced as being available to the public for DNA testing. This is a very exciting test for colour enthusiast and breeders alike. UC Davis offers the PATN 1 test, which can be found here, for only $25 USD alone or a package deal for the LP Complex plus the PATN 1 test for only $40 USD. Breeders striving for the Leopard spotted coats can have their breeding programs greatly benefited by DNA testing for the PATN 1 test. Colour enthusiasts can enjoy PATN 1 testing to help see what breeds the PATN 1 gene may be found in by testing their non-PATN 1 horses. With many people testing, we may be able to find PATN 1 present in unexpected breeds, hidden without the LP Complex to bring it to light.

As more people are DNA testing their horses for PATN 1, it is becoming apparent that the previous theory of LP Complex + PATN 1 is not completely true. Horses that are testing heterozygous and homozygous for PATN 1 are not always appearing to be Near Leopard or Nose to Toes Leopard horses. This is showing that there are still other factors involved when it comes to breeding Leopard spotted coats. The LP Complex coats are staying true to their name and are proving to be very complicated.

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