Sabino is a catch all term for several different phenotypes of white pattering on horses. There is one genetically discovered form of Sabino, which is simply called Sabino 1. Sabino horses can range from small markings to Max White horses. The traits that exist on horses for it to be considered a Sabino include higher white markings on the hind legs then the front, white on the lower lip and chin, and the white at the front of the leg markings trails up higher on the legs then the white at the back of the leg marking. The height of the leg markings can range from socks to high whites. Often horses with high whites will also have white on their under belly. Extensively marked Sabinos will have white tracking up the body, most commonly with jagged lines connecting the white to the colour areas. Sabino horses can result in a roaned effect on the coat which is referred to as Ticking. Many of the more extensive Sabinos will have partial or completely blue eyes. Most famously the Clydesdale breed boasts several of the versions of Sabino.

View this album to see the many different phenotypes that are classed as Sabino.

Sabino 1

Sabino 1 in an incomplete dominant gene located on the KIT locus. Heterozygous Sabino 1 horses will have white markings on their face and legs ranging from quite minimal to very bold. A Sabino 1 horse may be very pale in colour, this is referred to as the Sabino Colour Shift. Homozygous Sabino 1 horses, also known as Max White Sabino 1, are nearly or completely white. On Max White Sabino 1 horses the colour is usually retained in the ears when colour is present. It is a common misconception that Max White Sabino 1 horses are lethal, this is generally caused by a person mistaking Max White Sabino 1 for Overo Lethal White Syndrome which are two different things.